Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Glossary

Antibody: a blood protein produced in response to and counteracting a specific antigen

Antigen: a toxin or other foreign substance which induces an immune response in the body, especially the production of antibodies.

COVID-19: an acute respiratory illness in humans caused by a coronavirus, capable of producing severe symptoms and in some cases death, especially in older people and those with underlying health conditions

Disease: a disorder of structure or function in a human, animal, or plant, especially one that produces specific signs or symptoms or that affects a specific location and is not simply a direct result of physical injury

Genome: the complete set of genes or genetic material present in a cell or organism

Immune response: the reaction of the cells and fluids of the body to the presence of a substance which is not recognized as a constituent of the body itself

Immunity: the ability of an organism to resist a particular infection or toxin by the action of specific antibodies or sensitized white blood cells

mRNA vaccine: An RNA vaccine or mRNA vaccine is a type of vaccine that uses a copy of a natural chemical called messenger RNA to produce an immune response

Mutation: the changing of the structure of a gene, resulting in a variant form that may be transmitted to subsequent generations

Pathogen: a bacterium, virus, or other microorganism that can cause disease

Protein: large molecules composed of one or more long chains of amino acids and are an essential part of all living organisms, especially as structural components of body tissues such as muscle, hair, or collagen

SARS-CoV-2:  the virus that causes COVID-19

Vaccine: a substance used to stimulate the production of antibodies and provide immunity against one or several diseases

Variant: a form or version of something that differs in some respect from other forms of the same thing or from a standard

Virus: an infective agent that is able to multiply only within the living cells of a host